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Maleywa: Tropophic Stage of the Uribian Ancestral Habitat

Part 2 Project 2012
Yolanda Maria Ruiz Tovar
Universidad Piloto de Colombia, Colombia
The theme inspired on the planning of La Guajira, Colombia; territory located on the north part of the country on the prairies of the northern side of South America (34ºC. Lat: 12º.10 m.a.s.l.) is the research that shows the vulnerability conditions in relation to its physical (Habitability and ecological deterioration) and cultural context (Social and economical); which are also the scenario that is valued of the Guajira communities.

Therefore the project hypothesis discuses the environment of the Wayuu culture as the ancestral value to implement sustainability concepts for the native reserve of Uribia in La Gajira, Colombia. What type of dwelling (basic unit) harmonizes architectonic solutions that makes some impact on the model of the World Bank on the dwelling deficit for vulnerable communities (ethnic inclusion, political and/or social conflict) with the optimization of resources and construction processes coherent with the cultural and environmental conditions of La Guajira, in which the architectonic technics and esthetics integrates the landscape trough bioclimatic criteria?

The project interprets the knowledge of the “Wayuu Life Plan”* and articulates the ideas of the western development to make the most from the available economic and natural resources, avoiding the loss of cultural identity. The architectonic proposal includes the traditional spatial and technical practices of the native Wayuu inhabitants and Arijunas countrymen. Starts with the prospective vision (economical-cultural) of the peninsula and the native territory in a radius of 2,5 kms, supported by the metabolic notion as an urban design theory for a post mining industry territory in 2050 (Minas de Cerrejón – coal exploitation).

The second phase proposes a basic salubrious habitation model, for mixed race people and semi-urban in a consolidated piece of land in expansion (12 Ha). The third phase includes complementary service buildings for the dwelling and the Wayuu traditions (sowing, animal breeding, The Yona Dance, knitting as the representation of their destiny).
* The “Wayuu Life Plan” is the oral testimony within the community that guides them through their traditions. Definition obtained by the interview to a native leader.

Yolanda Maria Ruiz Tovar


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